Posted on: 17 September 2017
Many people love pets, causing them to adopt either a dog or a cat. However, one thing such people do not put in consideration is that animals, unlike humans, will always have a mating season where they need to interact with those of the opposite sex to produce offspring. Now, this is where the problem comes as animals produce a lot of offspring which may end up being too much for even the owner to manage. With the high reproduction rates, the animals become overpopulated leading to many being housed in shelters, ponds or even end up as strays. However, one of the best solutions to this is known as animal desexing. This is an operational procedure which is used to remove certain sexual qualities from the animal. For the animals to be spayed, certain surgical steps have to be followed by the veterinary doctor. Each of the steps is well described below:
- Intubation – This is always the very first procedure when it comes to surgical operations. The pet to be spayed is induced with anesthesia. The induced anesthesia is then controlled with gas; this achieved through the placement of a tube into the pet's windpipe. This is done to ensure that the animal is not conscious throughout the procedure. The main reason for this is to avoid pain as well as the animal getting wild from the conditions it will be subjected to during the surgery.
- Theatre – Once the pet is under the influence of the anesthesia, it will be placed on a surgical table where the entire process will be conducted. The surgical table is heated and sterilized to ensure it is safe for the pet to use.
- Monitored Care – After the animal has been taken to the theatre, certain observations have to be made to ensure it is capable of going under the knife. This is done through the use of respiratory monitors which are used to show when the animal has taken a breath, a pulse oximeter used in showing the heart rate of the pet, the blood oxygen levels as well as pulse strength. Another tool is the stethoscope which is used to listen to the heartbeat.
- The Nursing Team – After all the observations have been made and that everything about the pet seems. Then it will be rendered qualified to undergo the desexing surgery. Here, a trained nurse will assist the veterinarian doctor in setting up the equipment required for the procedure.
- The Desexing Procedure – This here is the last step during the pet surgery. In this step, the doctor will create a small incision on the pet and remove part of its reproductive system. This system which will be removed will be able to deny the animal of any reproductive capabilities thus acting like an animal control measure. After this, the surgeon will structure the area of incision and the procedure will be completed.